Captain of the Minesweeper  HMT Firefly , Lieut.David B. Johnstone who lost his life 3 February 1940.

(Photo supplied by his son David Johnstone)

John Robert Clay (LT/X 19262) who was lost on the Firefly. He left behind his wife, Margaret Ann (nee Davison) 33, and five children, John Robert, 11, Irene, 10, Denis, 8, Edward, 4 and Ann, 2. He was buried at Tynemouth (Preston) Cemetery Sec. K. Grave 14381. The inscription reads, He lives with us, In memory still, Not just today, But always will.

Photograph and information by kind permission of Laura Clay, whose husbands grandfather was  John Robert Clay.

Another of the four survivors from that terrible explosion was James Sharlotte, whose son Colin Sharlotte contacted us.

MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES. A MID was awarded to Frank Mitchell, LT/JX225815, Second Hand, 5 Sep 44, (HMT Berberis) Minesweeping - MID awarded for skill and devotion to duty in HM Ships Bunting, Firefly, Edward Walmsley and Berberis in minesweeping operations. Nore area May - Jun 1944.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL. A DSM was awarded to Chief Petty Officer Charles Edward BALDWIN P/J 56017, Minesweeping trawler HMT Firefly for great courage and skill in securing and stripping live enemy mines without regard for own safety. Presentation made by King George VI at HMS Vernon 19 Dec 1939 for rendering safe first German influence mine at Shoeburyness 23 Nov 1939. Helped OUVRY, LEWIS and VEARNCOMBE render safe first Type A magnetic mine and GLENNY and VEARNCOMBE render safe second Type A magnetic mine at Shoeburyness 25 Nov 1939.

Killed 3 February 1940 with course of RNVR Sub Lieutenants while recovering loose British moored mines in Forth. Aged 40. Buried Edinburgh (Seafield) Cemetery.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS. DSC was awarded to Temp Skipper Harold Acum, New Year Awards 1944, Investiture 09.05.44.  Commanding Officer, HMS Firefly (auxiliary minesweeping trawler) 31.01.1944 to June1944

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL. A DSM was awarded to William Wood Whyte, Leading Seaman, H.M.T. Firefly.

Distinguished Service Medal.

William Wood Whyte, Leading Seaman, H.M.T. Firefly. The above Appointment and Awards are for, unfailing courage, endurance and resource in H.M. Trawlers, Drifters and Minesweepers in their hard arid perilous task of sweeping the seas clear of enemy mines.



12 noon November 30th to 12 noon December 7th 1939

Casualties due to enemy mining off the East Coast continue, but have not increased, and the flow of trade has been maintained. Good progress has been made in the evolution of a suitable form of sweep for the magnetic mine.

German Mine Laying. Further mines have been dropped from aeroplanes in the HUMBER and THAMES areas. During the night of the 5th-6th December aircraft were particularly active.

Swedish S.S. Rudolf (2,119 tons), cargo, coal, torpedoed (or possibly mined) and sunk 30 miles North-East of ST. ABBS HEAD. This ship was not in convoy. Fourteen survivors saved by Firefly and trawler Cardew, 9 missing.

Chief Skipper R.N.R., A. Finlayson, 1 Oct 39.

Captain  Lieut. David B. Johnstone


Temp. Skipper. R.N.R., E. A. Runnquist, 30 Dec 40.

Temp. Lieut., R.N.R., C. J. Rose, 29 July 41.
Temp. Lieut., R.V.N.R., R. F. Miller, 29 July 41
Temp. Skipper R.N.R., H. Chamberlain, 1 Apr 41.

Temp. Lieut., R.N.R., C. J. Rose, 29 July 41.
Temp. Lieut., R.V.N.R., L. W. Joiner, 16 Nov 42.

Temp. Skipper R.N.R., H. Acum, DSC, (In Command) 31 Jan 44.  

Not on List.

If you, your father or your grandfather have any additional information about this ship, crew lists, stories, photographs, please send copies of them to be added to our records and this website.

Thank you.


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Watch this short minesweeping video.

Minesweeper Trawler.
Wildfire III, Queenborough.
Minesweeper Trawler Group 30

HMT Firefly was firstly based at Great Yarmouth, later in 1940, she worked out of Wildfire III, Queenborough for two years before being transferred to Harwich.

The early part of her service in the Royal Navy was certainly eventful. Shortly after being requisitioned on the 2nd December 1939 the Firefly took part in the rescue of survivors from the Swedish Ship S.S. Rudolf which was torpedoed and sunk 30 miles North-East of St. Abbs Head. The S.S. Rudolf lost nine of her crew with the Firefly and Cardew rescued fourteen survivors.

Only a few months later and just five months after being requisitioned on the 3 February 1940 the Firefly would be devastated by a mine.

The Firefly was sent from Leith (near Edinburgh) to neutralize a mine which had broken away from a British Minefield and was floating in the Firth of Forth. As they attempted to deactivate the mine it exploded killing 13 of her crew and wounding most of the rest. The entire upper structure of the Firefly was destroyed, but she didn’t sink and would later be rebuilt to serve at Wildfire III, Queenborough.

Skipper. R.N.R., Edward Axel Runnquist, was captain of  HMS Firefly 1940 -1941 after her rebuild.
​He also served on HMS Athenian 1943 - 1944. (Photograph supplied by his Grandson Todd Runnquist.)

The Newspaper article is from Les Emery and is from a newspaper a Grimsby newspaper dated around 2005. It was sent to Les by Verdun (Vic) Willoughby who was on the Firefly at the time of the explosion. He is named in the photo. Vic told Les that the man named as Harry Willoughby was in fact the ship’s engineer Harry Wilson. The skipper is standing on the far left, with the gas mask bag.

 William Wood Whyte 

David Johnstone who’s father served on the Firefly tells how he remembers on the 3rd September 1939 he and his mother had been invited on board the Firefly for lunch when a dispatch rider drew up and delivered a telegram from the local RN HQ to the effect that "We were now at war with Germany our Government having not received any reply for a peace pact or withdrawal of the Nazis from Poland."

Despite the devastation explosion from a mine, very close to the Firefly, killing thirteen of her crew, astonishingly there were survivors.

Don Whiteley tells us, “My father, Able Seaman Donald Newsome Whiteley was on the Firefly when she was devastated by the mine in the Firth of Forth. Fortunately for him he was on galley duty that day so escaped injury.”

“He never spoke about the incident or indeed any other parts of his war service except for the escapades they got up to on shore.”

My mother told me very late in her life. “Apparently he came up on deck then straight over the side and swam for it – he was always a very strong swimmer.”

After the incident Don was transferred to the Northern Dawn which was subsequently loaned to the US, with crew, for submarine hunting and minesweeping duties off the US east coast. The boat then went to South Africa for similar duties off the Cape of Good Hope.

The Firefly, probably after WW2 when returned to the owner as the  fishing vessel St Just.

Donald Newsome Whiteley was one of only four survivors when the Firefly was devastated as a boat party attempted to disarm a mine. (Photograph by kind permission of Duncan Milner his grandson.)

Thank you to Andrew Whyte for the photograph of  William Wood Whyte and the information.
This is William Wood Whyte DSM fourth survivor HMT Firefly.

 William Wood Whyte  finished the rest of the war as a Naval policeman after receiving a second chevron (stripe)
He was born Inverallochy and stayed in Cairnbulg, Aberdeenshire, Scotland and went back to being a fisherman.

Thank you to  Don Whiteley who's research found the burial sites of Firefly's casualties.


Charles E Baldwin, Chief Petty Officer, Edinburgh (Seafield) Cemetery, Sect P, Joint Grave 711.
David Brand Johnstone, Lieutenant, Edinburgh (Seafield) Cemetery, Sect P, Joint Grave 711.
Carl Dobson, Sub-Lieutenant, Edinburgh (Seafield) Cemetery, Sect P, Joint Grave 705.
John Robert Clay, Seaman, Tynemouth (Preston) Cemetery, Sect K, Grave 14381.
Henry Edward Beavers, Seaman, Tynemouth (Preston) Cemetery, Sect K, Grave 14379.
Norman Fraser Peat, Sub-Lieutenant, Glasgow (Eastwood) New Cemetery, Sect H, Grave 1505.
Alexander Stewart, Seaman, Buckie New Cemetery, Sect H, Grave 116.
John Cowie, Second Hand, Buckie New Cemetery, Sect E, Grave 683.
Peter Reid, Seaman, Buckie New Cemetery, Sect C, Grave 85.
James Stewart, Seaman, Lossiemouth Burial Ground, Grave 871
Benjamin Robson Barker, Engineman, Hartlepool (Stranton) Cemetery, Plot 10, Div B, C of E Grave 290.
Edward Barker, Second Hand, Cleethorpes Cemetery, Sect G.G, Grave A8.
Geoffrey William Vaughan, Sub-Lieutenant, Bournemouth (Wimborne Rd) Cemetery, Sect P.3, Grave 17.S.
Walter Edward Johnson, Seaman Cook, Gt Yarmouth New Cemetery, Sect C, Grave 213.

29 August 1938.  The St Just was lengthened and given a new bow and stern.

Sep 1939. Requisitioned by the Admiralty as a minesweeper and renamed Firefly. Hire rate £215.4.1d monthly.

2 December 1939. The Firefly with the Cardew rescued survivors from the S.S. Rudolf which had been torpedoed by a U-boat.

3 February 1940. The Firefly was devastated by an explosion from a mine which the crew were attempting to to defuse.  Most of the ship’s company were at the rail-side, watching the corralling of the mine
by a boat party. At a critical moment a destroyer passed at speed setting up a substantial bow-wave which in turn rocked the small boat to such a degree that the pulling oars touched one of the mine's protruding detonator spikes, setting off the explosion.  Thirteen of her crew were killed including her Captain Lieut. David B. Johnstone. There were only four survivors.  

(Thank you to David  A.  Johnstone, son of  Captain Lieut. David B. Johnstone for the above information.)

 The Firefly was towed to Leith by minesweeping trawler WARDOUR.

June 1940.  ROYAL NAVY SHIPS, Nore Command, Yarmouth.
Minesweeping Group 30 - minesweeping trawlers FIREFLY (Ty Sk J W Gibbs RNR), PETER CASEY (Sk E G Catchpole RNR), WARDOUR (Sk F L Hamilton RNR), WINDWARD HO (Sk J A Simpson RNR), all at Yarmouth

15th September 1940, Nore Command,  Sheerness, Wildfire III, Queenborough.
M/S Trawlers Group 30. Firefly, Windward Ho, (St Olive, undergoing survey), (Peter Carey undergoing minor repairs. Available ASAP)

January 1941, ROYAL NAVY SHIPS, Nore Command. Sheerness, Wildfire III, Queenborough.
Minesweeping Group 30 - minesweeping trawlers FIREFLY (Ty Sk E A Runnquist RNR), PETER CAREY (Sk E G Catchpole RNR), ST OLIVE (Ty Sk G W Sherwood RNR), WINDWARD HO (Ty Sk S Johnson RNR), all at Sheerness.

January 1942.  ROYAL NAVY SHIPS, Nore Command, Harwich.
Minesweeping and Patrol Group 5 - minesweeping trawlers EDWARDIAN at Grimsby, FIREFLY at Harwich, LORD MELCHETT at London refitting to comp end of Jan, RED GAUNTLET at Harwich.

17 February 1942. The Firefly while in company with the Minesweepers Caswell and Stella Rigel was attacked by two enemy aircraft but were missed. Often enemy planes came in very low. So low in fact that a Do 217 accidently hit to mast of the minesweeper Francolin. The Francolin was sunk but the Do 217 crashed into the sea.

29 October 1945. Returned to Owner and renamed St JUST, H320.

Verdun (Vic) Willoughby (1916-2007) who was one of the survivors when the Firefly blew up.


Saturday, 3 February 1940
Firefly, explosion. Killed while recovering loose British moored mines in the Forth.
BALDWIN, Charles E, Chief Petty Officer, P/J 56017, killed
BARKER, Benjamin R, Engineman, RNR (PS), LT/X 6058 ES, killed
BEAVERS, Henry E, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 21451 AR, killed.
COWIE John , Second Hand, killed.
CLAY, John R, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 19262, killed
DOBSON, Carl, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, killed
JOHNSON, Walter E, Seaman Cook, RNPS, LT/JX 165021, killed
JOHNSTONE, David B, Ty/Lieutenant, RNVR, killed
PEAT, Norman F, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, killed
REID, Peter, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 18333, killed
STEWART, Alexander, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 18334, killed
STEWART, James, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 9385, killed
VAUGHAN, Geoffrey W, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, killed.

Monday, 5 February 1940
BARKER, Edward, 2nd Hand, RNPS, LT/JX 173090, DOW. (Died of Wounds)

Type of Vessel: Steel steam trawler converted to a Minesweeper.
Pennant: FY673                                         
Fishing Number: H320. LO 434
Other Names: St. Just.                                
Year Constructed: 1930. Launched 23 Aug 1930.
Built by: Cook, Welton & Gemmill.
Built at: Beverley, U.K.                            
Owner: 1930 St Andrews Steam Fishing Co Ltd Hull.                                            
Engine: 96 HP built by C D Holmes.
Speed: 11.2 knots. 
Gross Tons: 377 tons (Gross) 158 tons (Net) 
Length: 145 feet.                                           
Beam:  24.6 feet.                                              
Depth:  13.2 feet.                                                   
​Fate:  ​Scrapped at Passage West, Ireland on 1 March 1961.