HMS MOSQUITO T94 Dragonfly-Class River Gunboat.
Launched: 14th November 1939
Lost: 1st June 1940
HMS Mosquito had a short but gallant life of only six and a half months.
27 May 40. Gunboat HMS Mosquito with sister ship HMS Locust arrived at Sheerness from Portsmouth. They were based at Sheerness as anti-aircraft ships in the Thames Estuary and for escort duties in the North Sea and English Channel.
HMS MOSQUITO CREW LOST.
Lt A. H. Manwaring and a number of ratings were lost; Lt D. H. P. Gardiner and S/Lt E. Flint R.N.R, were wounded. Amongst those lost were:
1 June 40
ANGUS, Charles, Seaman, R.N.R, C/X 20402, missing.
BRAYSHER, William, Able Seaman, C/J 59900, missing.
BURKILL, John, Able Seaman, C/JX 150960, missing.
CALLIS, Leonard A, Petty Officer, C/J 105416, missing.
DALLAS, Alfred V, Leading Seaman, C/JX 136424, missing.
MACKAY, William G M, Seaman, R.N.R, C/X 18805, missing.
MANWARING, Anthony H, Lieutenant, killed.
PARTON, Harold W, Leading Stoker, C/KX 79115, missing.
SLATER, Thomas, Stoker Petty Officer, C/K 65722, missing.
2 June 40
GORTON, Ronald A G, Stoker 1c, C/KX 96960, DOW.
3 June 40
STAFFERTON, John C, Stoker Petty Officer, C/K 61382, DOW
OFFICERS from Navy List May 1940
(Rank. Name, Date joined ship.)
Lieutenant. A. N. P. Costobadie. 9 Apr 40
Lieutenant. D. H. P. Gardiner. 22 Mar 40
Lieutenant. A. H. Manwaring. 19 Mar 40
Surg.-Lieut. N. L. Fox, MB, BS. Mar 40
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MID. (Mentioned in Despatches)
Lieut. Anthony H Manwaring. 1st January 1940, MID awarded for “actions against the enemy”
MID. (Mentioned in Despatches)
Lieut. Anthony H Manwaring. 16th August 1940, MID awarded for “services on the withdrawal of troops from Dunkirk”.
Account of the Mosquito at Dunkirk by Les Levett
On 1st September 1935 Anthony passed out from a naval cadet to a Midshipman aboard HMS Enterprise; on 1st May 1938 he joined HMS Forester as a Sub-Lieutenant and on 1st September 1939 he was promoted to Lieutenant aboard HMS Sussex. On the 19th March 1940 he joined HMS Mosquito on, effectively, her maiden voyage and was killed on 1st June 1940 evacuating troops from Dunkirk; when the Mosquito was sunk.
Lieut. Anthony H Manwaring is buried in the military section of Ramsgate Cemetery (Grave 60).
Surgeon-Lieutenant. Noel Fox and Barbara at their wedding in Sydney on the 1st June 1946.
(Photograph by kind permission of their son Noel Fox and his wife Liz Fox)
Surgeon-Lieutenant Noel Fox, was Mentioned in Despatches for his actions in tending the wounded while under enemy fire on HMS Mosquito at Dunkirk. (Allowing him to wear the bronze oak leaf emblem on the Victory Medal ribbon when worn on a bar.)
Raised by his mother in Australia, Noel studied medicine at Sydney University. He went to England to study to be a Surgeon. When World War Two broke out, with no Australian ships available, Noel joined the Royal Navy.
Noel would remember all his life, the kindness the English people showed him on his return to England after the sinking of the Mosquito.
Noel would go on to serve aboard the V & W-class Destroyer, HMS Vanity, for the rest of the war. When the war in Europe ended, Noel returned to Australia in readiness to take part in the Pacific war.
Les Levette recalls having a shrapnel injury to his thigh and being treated by Surgeon-Lieutenant Noel Fox. He goes on to recall “I hobbled to the sick bay which was a tiny compartment, being a small ship, everything was small. The sight on entering resembled more of a butcher’s shop then anything else, wounded everywhere, some dying and some looking already dead.”
Like others who were at Dunkirk, he also remembers survivors being machined gunned in the water by German planes.
Displacement: 585 tons
Length: 197 feet (60 m)
Beam: 33 feet (10 m)
Draught: 5 feet (1.5 m)
Speed: 17 knots (20 mph; 31 km/h)
Range: 90 tons of fuel.
Propulsion: 2 × Parsons geared steam turbines
2 × 78-inch, 3-bladed propellers
3 × rudders
Guns: Upper platform: 1 × 0.5-inch quad-barrel machine gun. Battery deck: 1 × 4-inch QF Mk V gun,
1 × 2-pdr 4-barrel pom-pom,
2 × 2-inch deck-mounted mortars
Main deck: 1 × 4-inch QF Mk V gun,
1 × 0.5-inch quad-barrel machine gun
28 May 40. Midday May the 28th 1940 the Officers assembled on the Bridge of the Mosquito. HMS Mosquito, a River Gun Boat with only five feet of draft was brand new, straight off the slipway. Only the day before anti-aircraft Guns had been installed. The assembled men, until that moment, had not known about Dunkirk. “O.K. men,” said the captain after reading the orders. “We’re going to Dunkirk to rescue the army!”
Some hours later the Mosquito was off the beach at La Penne having navigated through the channels in the mine barrage. Lieutenant Gardiner ran the shallow draft gun boat close in to the beach. The medical Officer Lieutenant Noel Fox prepared the sick birth to attend any wounded who may come aboard.
The troops arrive, wet, tired and hungry. With every space crammed to capacity and overloaded with troops the Mosquito headed home to England. In the half light of evening, high above, three enemy planes banked and dived towards the Mosquito. As they bombed and strafed the evacuation fleet every gun on the Mosquito and on the surrounding ships opened fire on the planes and were rewarded when one crashed into the sea.
As the mosquito moved out into the deeper channel the shore batteries opened up with renewed vigour.
With the onset of darkness, the danger was no longer from bombs. The enemy aircraft were dropping parachute mines in the channels. These were magnetic mines which reacted to a ships magnetic field and detonated.
HMS Mosquito landed its precious cargo of British Troops at Dover and enjoyed a few hours of much needed rest while she took of fuel and ammunition.
In the afternoon HMS Mosquito returned to the Dunkirk beaches. She was there all through the night and the next day. It was slow hard work embarking the troops from the beach. Several times artillery shells from shore batteries fell close to the Mosquito rocking her violently and forcing her to move to another position.
The Mosquito returned to Dover to disembark troops, refuel, rearm and grabbing a paltry two and a half hours’ rest.
The Mosquito sailed for Dunkirk again, only forty-five minutes out of Dover and they were dive bombed. The Stuka dive bombers came in twice with bombs exploding close to the Mosquito and holing her below the waterline. The pumps managed to keep the water level down and the Mosquito continued on its way to Dunkirk.
1 June 40. As dawn broke on the Morning of the 1st of June the German air raids redoubled. At five o’clock heavy bombing and strafing attacks developed over the whole area from La Penne to Dunkirk. The RAF arrived but found themselves vastly outnumbered.
At 7.20 a very large force of Junkers JU87 (Stuka) Dive Bombers and Junkers JU88’s with a large fighter force attacked the evacuation fleet. In a few hours four Destroyers had been seriously damaged, two cross channel steamers and a paddle-minesweeper had been lost and all around small ships were on fire and sinking.
At midday the Mosquito arrived off the Dunkirk beaches and began to load Belgium troops. Overhead twenty-four Stuka dive bombers circled and attacked in waves out of the sun.
In a screaming dive the Stuka’s attacked dropping their bombs and machine-gunning the Mosquito. The anti-aircraft guns of the Mosquito and surrounding ships couldn’t cope with the number of enemy planes, even so, it is thought that two were shot down.
A bomb struck the Mosquito damaging her beyond repair, setting her on fire, killing and wounding a number of her crew. The crew of the Anti-aircraft pom-pom gun were all killed or badly wounded. Leading Seaman Ronald Thirwall although badly wounded continued return fire at the enemy. The aft gun had also been put out of action with all its crew wounded. Able Seaman C. Hirschfield made his way to the gun and single handed fired at the enemy.
The Mosquitoes days at Dunkirk had come to a sudden end. The Officers and crew were rescued by another ship and passing their sister ship HMS Locust, a message was sent to it asking where it had been.
The reply was, “In and out of Hell”
Ivor Gordon George (CMX66120) joined HMS Mosquito as Chief Engine Room Artificer on April 21st 1940.
Having made several trips to Dunkirk it was perhaps inevitable that the Mosquito’s luck would run out. Stuka dive bombers came close to sinking her as she returned to Dunkirk. Off the Dunkirk beach at midday on the 1st June 1940 twenty-four Stuka dive bombers came screaming out of the sun. The number of Stuka’s overwhelmed the anti-aircraft gunners. The Mosquito received a direct hit and began to sink almost at once.
When the order to abandon ship was given, Ivor found himself in the sea with other survivors. But the ordeal of the survivors did not finish here! Enemy aircraft not content with sinking the Mosquito swept low over the sea time and again machine-gunning the survivors in the water. Ivor tried to protect himself by holding a piece of wreckage over his head.
Ivor was picked up by a British vessel, but it too was sunk and he returned to England on a third vessel. He never forgave the Germans for killing his shipmates in the sea.
After Dunkirk Ivor joined HMS Ekins. HMS Ekins was transferred to the 21st Destroyer Flotilla at Sheerness and saw action at D-day.
Ivor stayed with the Ekins until 16 April 1945 when she detonated two ground mines near Ostend, Belgium. The first explosion flooded the engine rooms, bringing the Ekins to a standstill. The second explosion holed the ship in her Asdic compartment. Damaged beyond repair, the Ekins managed to limp back to port.
Ivor Gordon George was awarded a BEM. (British Empire Medal)
Lieutenant Gardiner and Sub Lieutenant Flint were both awarded DSC’s (Distinguished Service Crosses)
Lieut. Com. Noel Louis Fox, MID. Mentioned in Dispatches 16. 08.40. Lieut. Commander Noel Fox was the Australian surgeon on HMS Mosquito and tended Leslie with a shrapnel wound.
Home Page Wildfire III. Ship Database. Dunkirk. Battle of the Scheldt. Sweeping the Scheldt. D-day. The Relief of Holland. The Enemy. Ships sunk.
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Dieppe. Fortress Sheppey. Montgomery. Channel Dash. Amy Johnson. Thames Boom. A Bad day in December.
Leading Seaman Les Levett who was wounded on HMS Mosquito at Dunkirk. His account of the Mosquito's part in the Dunkirk evacuation can be seen below. (photograph by kind permission of his son Marc Levett)